2020 Bills

HB 131: Letting Local Government Enact Rent Control

To track the status of this bill, find it on our Legislation Tracker. Click here to contact the sponsor of the bill to share your thoughts, or click here to email your Senator and Representative about it.

Libertas Institute opposes this bill

Staff review of this legislation finds that it violates our principles and must therefore be opposed.

Rent control is the ability of government to impose arbitrary price caps on the amounts that landlords can charge renters to use their space. In Utah, current law says:

A county, city, or town may not enact an ordinance or resolution that would control rents or fees on private residential property unless it has the express approval of the Legislature.

Representative Jen Dailey-Provost is sponsoring House Bill 131, which would repeal this law. While passage of this bill would not itself enact any rent control laws, it would open the door for many local governments to do so.

Even pro-government economist Paul Krugman agrees:

“The analysis of rent control is among the best-understood issues in all of economics, and — among economists, anyway — one of the least controversial. In 1992 a poll of the American Economic Association found 93 percent of its members agreeing that ”a ceiling on rents reduces the quality and quantity of housing.” Almost every freshman-level textbook contains a case study on rent control, using its known adverse side effects to illustrate the principles of supply and demand.”

Rent control is not a viable long term solution to affordable housing, as it inhibits investment and discourages the creation of new housing supply in an arbitrarily restricted market.

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