Out of the ~1,000 bills introduced during each year's general legislative session, Libertas Institute highlights those that have a particular interest to our mission of championing individual liberty, private property, and free enterprise.
NOTE: New bills are being added daily, and as the session progresses we will be updating the status of each of the bills below here on the Tracker. Check back often for updates!
Key: Libertas supports the bill Libertas opposes the bill Libertas considers these bills its top priority for the session
Click here to view a readable list of the bills included in this index, along with their summaries and explanations.
Tip: You can hover over any of the rows in the table below to see a summary of what it is and why we support or oppose it. Click any table cell in the header to re-sort the entire table.
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|Bill||Title||Sponsor||Citizen Sponsor ?||LI's position||Status||Votes||Actions|
|Civil Asset Forfeiture - Procedural Reforms|
Civil asset forfeiture is a legal tool that allows police and prosecutors to steal, under the color of law, a person's property without that person being charged with—let alone being convicted of—a crime. Following two years of successful reform on this issue by Libertas Institute, this bill enacts strong reforms by: requiring a specific, related criminal allegation; limiting the type of property that can be seized; removing a cap for attorney's fees, which disincentivizes owners to fight for their property; requires property to be returned, with interest, if the owner is acquitted of the related criminal allegation; and requires that proceeds from civil forfeiture have to be placed in the education fund.
|Greene, B.||Duncan, D.||Support||Pending House action||House cmte, 11-0||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Occupational and Professional Licensure Review Committee Amendments|
The Occupational and Professional Licensure Review Committee is tasked with certain reviews of professions that are licensed by the state. This bill expands the scope of the committee, and also empowers it to recommend alternatives to licensure that are less onerous, and more market-friendly. Utah ranks 12th among the states, according to the Institute for Justice, for heavy occupational licensure; this bill would provide a pathway for the legislature to head in a direction more friendly to the free market.
|Stanard, J.||Gardner, H.||Support||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Exemption from Daylight Saving Time|
This bill would exempt Utah from Daylight Saving Time, and as such would allow the state to stay on standard time year around, placing us on the same schedule as Arizona. This would eliminate the need to “spring forward” or “fall back.”
|Cox, F.||Support||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Weapons on Public Transportation|
Under current law, a person who boards a bus with a firearm—except for law enforcement officials and concealed weapon permit holders—is guilty of a third degree felony. This bill would eliminate this penalty enhancement, making the carrying of a firearm consistent with being on other property.
|Thurston, N.||Benjamin, S.||Support||Pending House action||House cmte, 9-1||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Alcoholic Beverage Service Amendments|
Utah law requires restaurants to mix alcoholic drinks behind an opaque wall, pejoratively nicknamed the "Zion Curtain" by its detractors. Proponents claim it helps reduce temptation for minors to imbibe. There is no data to support this assertion. This bill would repeal the requirement for restaurants that instead choose to provide a pre-emptive public notice that such drinks are mixed in plain view in the establishment.
|Powell, K.||Support||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Vehicle Impound Amendments|
Utah law currently requires police to impound a vehicle that is being operated without insurance. This bill would remove this requirement and provide police officers discretion in determining whether seizure of the vehicle is necessary.
|Cox, F.||Support||Pending committee action||Email your Senator/RepEmail the committee|
|Private Attorney General Doctrine|
Several years ago, the Utah legislature passed a law that prohibits courts from compensating individuals who successfully overturn a law that violated the rights of the public at large. Utah is the only state that prohibits this by law. This bill would repeal that prohibition, thereby allowing courts to award such fees once more.
|Greene, B.||Born, G.||Support||Pending committee action||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Health Care Sharing Ministry Amendments|
Health care cost sharing plans involve members voluntarily sending payments to help defray others' medical costs, with the promise and presumption that others will do the same for them as needed. They are not insurance plans, and actually are exempt from the federal insurance mandate; members of these programs are not penalized for not having insurance.
|Kennedy, M.||Van Bloem, J.||Support||Pending House action||House cmte, 12-0||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
Beekeeping is prohibited in the Beehive State, unless you register with, and pay a fee to, the state government. This bill would repeal that prohibition, replacing it with an optional and voluntary registration for those who desire services from the Department of Agriculture.
|Roberts, M.||Levi, J.||Support||Pending committee action||Email your Senator/RepEmail the committee|
|Municipal Business Licensing Amendments|
Current law allows cities to require home-based businesses to obtain permits and pay fees as a condition of operating in the resident's home. These fees can often be significant compared to the revenue such businesses produce. This bill would largely carve out such small, home-based businesses, exempting them from licensure and fees.
|Anderegg, J.||Augustine, E.||Support||Pending House action||House cmte, 10-2||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Food Freedom Act|
Food regulations were designed, and are properly intended, for cases in which food is sold to consumers who are unaware of the food's source or safety. This is not the case in direct-from-farm sales to an informed consumer, and therefore these costly regulations should not be applied to such situations.
|Roberts, M.||Patterson, S.||Support||Pending committee action||Email your Senator/RepEmail the committee|
|Age Limit for Tobacco and Related Products|
This bill prohibits the possession of tobacco, e-cigarettes, or paraphernalia by an individual less than 21 years of age. It also bans the sale of such items to those under 21, and prohibits those under 21 from being present at certain establishments where such items are sold or used.
|Powell, K.||Eggertsen, D.||Oppose||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Motor Vehicle Business Regulation Amendments|
In 2000, Larry Miller successfully lobbied the Utah legislature to enact a protectionist law that requires car dealers to only sell on one weekend day; all choose Saturday, effectively forcing them to shut down Sunday. This was done in an attempt to ward off competition from national dealers whose employees would work on Sunday as well. This bill repeals that language in an effort to protect the free market as required by Utah's Constitution.
|Roberts, M.||Anderson, J.||Support||Pending committee action||Email your Senator/RepEmail the committee|
|Living Wage Amendments|
This bill would raise the minimum wage to $12, and add a bi-annual automatic increased tied to the increase in inflation.
|Hemingway, L.||Oppose||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Lobbying by State Agencies Amendments|
State employees hired to administer the law routinely lobby legislators to alter it—expanding their authority, giving them more money, etc. This bill would prohibit lobbying by state employees, while reasonably allowing them to provide testimony in committee or request legislation be sponsored to address an issue.
|Roberts, M.||Support||Pending committee action||Email your Senator/RepEmail the committee|
|Immunization of Students Amendments|
Current law allows parents of children in public or private schools to claim a one-time medical, religious, or personal exemption from vaccinating their children as a condition of admittance to school. This bill would make the exemption an annual requirement, in addition to forcing parents to view an "online education module" from the Department of Health regarding vaccines in order to receive the exemption.
|Moss, C.||Chevrier, K.||Oppose||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Independent Energy Producer Amendments|
Many Utahns desire to purchase solar panels to produce their own electricity using a "power purchase agreement" with the solar company, in order to avoid the up front expenditure of the panel system. This is against the law at present. This bill would remedy the problem by recognizing such companies as legal, independent energy producers.
|Gibson, F.||Support||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Body-worn Cameras for Law Enforcement Officers|
For law enforcement agencies that utilize body cameras, this bill sets minimum standards across the state to follow when using them. Provisions include guidance for when cameras must be turned on, how footage is to be used, and how recordings are to be retained and disclosed. The bill seeks to strike a balance between the needs of law enforcement and the rights of the public.
|McCay, D.||Craig, A.||Support||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Concurrent Resolution on Waters of the United States|
A new rule proposed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency purports to grant it the authority to regulate and micromanage not only interstate water, but intrastate water as well—bodies of water entirely within Utah. This resolution expresses opposition to that rule change, and support for pending litigation to fight it.
|Noel, M.||Support||Pending Senate action||House cmte, 9-1|
|Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Judges of Courts Not of Record (Const. Amendment)|
Judges who oversee "justice courts"—which are operated and controlled by cities—are not required to be trained in the law. Many such judges have no legal expertise and have previous professions wholly unrelated to policy matters. This constitutional amendment proposal would require such judges to be admitted to practice law in Utah.
|Hall, C.||Heise, T.||Support||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Proposal to Amend Utah Constitution -- Right to Food|
The FDA claims that individuals do not have the right to consume any particular food. This bill would propose an amendment to Utah voters to amend the state's constitution to assert that, indeed, individuals have the right to grow and consume food, or acquire food directly from a farm.
|Roberts, M.||Patterson, S.||Support||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Compulsory Education Revisions|
Under current law, parents can be criminally prosecuted for the truancy of their children. In the past decade, 20 parents were jailed and 171 fined for violations of Utah compulsory education laws. This bill would decriminalize truancy for parents, removing the potential of fines and jail time for parents whose children are absent from school more than the school may allow.
|Jackson, A.||Birkeland, K.||Support||Pending Senate action||Senate cmte, 6-1||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Nurse Practitioner Amendments|
Under current Utah law, advanced practice registered nurses (APRN), or "nurse practitioners," are required to pay a doctor under a "consultation and referral plan" before being able to prescribe certain medications—despite receiving advanced training in order to be able to prescribe medications. This bill removes the mandate.
|Hinkins, D.||Eatchel, A.||Support||Pending committee action||Email your Senator/RepEmail the committee|
|Antidiscrimination Act Revisions|
This bill would force employers to provide accommodations for employees related to pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding.
|Weiler, T.||Oppose||Pending House action||Senate cmte, 5-0|
|Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Medical Cannabis Act|
This bill would legalize whole plant, medical cannabis in Utah. Patients would need a doctor's recommendation, and would be able to obtain their medicine under a highly regulated, tightly controlled system that involves significant tracking, regulatory oversight, and law enforcement access.
|Madsen, M.||Stenquist, C.||Support||Pending Senate action||Senate cmte, 4-1||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Medicaid Expansion Proposal|
This bill would expand Medicaid in Utah until the federal government reduces its contributions towards the population covered under expansion.
|Davis, G.||Oppose||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Child Welfare Revisions|
Current Utah law allows the state to maintain custody of children after they age into adulthood, treating them as minors even as 18, 19, or 20 year olds. This bill would remove that power, ensuring that adults are not subject to the jurisdiction of juvenile courts.
|Jackson, A.||Egan, J.||Support||Pending committee action||Senate cmte, 3-3||Email your Senator/RepEmail the committee|
|Child Welfare Modifications|
Dangerous, psychotropic medication is administered at a high rate within the foster care system—31% for foster care children are given such drugs, compared to 6% in the general population. This bill would create a pilot program to provide oversight to the prescribing of this medication to foster children, in an effort to ensure it is only being given where necessary.
|Harper, W.||Belcher, M.||Support||Pending Senate action||Senate cmte, 3-0||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Municipal Landscape Amendments|
This bill would prohibit cities and counties from requiring property owners to landscape their properties using grass.
|Jenkins, S.||Jensen, M.||Support||Pending committee action||Email your Senator/RepEmail the committee|
|Concealed Firearms Amendments|
This bill would allow a person 21 years or older to carry a concealed firearm without having to obtain a permit.
|Hinkins, D.||Jarman, T.||Support||Introduced||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Amendments to Income Tax|
This bill would create income tax brackets in Utah, charging a higher income tax rate to wealthier individuals. The income tax should not exist at all, but if it is to exist, then it should be equally applied to all without discrimination. Libertas Institute opposes this bill.
|Dabakis, J.||Oppose||Pending committee action||Email your Senator/RepEmail the committee|
|Hate Crimes Amendments|
This bill would require a "penalty enhancement" for crimes in which the aggressor targeted the victim because of his or her “belief or perception regarding [the] individual’s ancestry, disability, ethnicity, gender, gender identity, national origin, race, religion, or sexual orientation,” or the victim’s affiliation with a group that shares one or more of these characteristics.
|Urquhart, S.||Cope, T.||Oppose||Pending committee action||Email your Senator/RepEmail the committee|
|Birthing Center Amendments|
Currently, hospitals in Utah are able to shield themselves from competition by legally denying free-standing birthing centers the ability to expand. This bill would prevent that, by prohibiting the Health Facility Committee from requiring certain things that are impossible to obtain or achieve.
|Henderson, D.||Support||Pending Senate action||Senate cmte, 4-2||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|
|Joint Resolution Calling for the Repeal of the 17th Amendment|
America's bicameral legislature was designed by its creators to be divided and different—the House would represent the people, based on population, and the Senate would represent the states with legislatures deciding who should fill the position. The 17th Amendment changed this, allowing people to directly vote for Senators. This resolution calls on Congress to propose a constitutional amendment to repeal this provision.
|Jackson, A.||Mulcock, L.||Support||Pending Senate action||Senate cmte, 5-1||Email your Senator/RepEmail the bill sponsor|